On August 15, 1947, India became an independent country after centuries of British rule. This was a momentous occasion for the nation, and for the more than 340 million people who live there. However, this new era brought with it its own set of challenges. In this blog post, we will explore some of the initial problems that India faced after independence. We will also discuss how the country has progressed in the years since then.
Initial Problems of India After Independence
India faced a lot of problems that were created because of the bad intentions of the British people. India was economically, politically, and socially very weak at that time. Below are the 10 major problems faced by India during that time:
Lack of National Unity
At the time of independence, many princely states in India were not ready to join hands with Indian Union. There was a lack of national unity which was one of the biggest problems that India faced.
There was a big communication problem as English was the only language of communication between different states. The regional languages were not given importance which led to a lot of misunderstanding and problems.
Related post: Initial problems of Pakistan
One of the biggest problems that India faced was economic backwardness. The country was very poor and there was a huge gap between the rich and the poor. The standard of living was very low and most of the people were living below the poverty line.
India’s transportation infrastructure was very poor at the time of independence. There were very few roads and railways which made transportation very difficult. This also resulted in a lack of connectivity between different parts of the country. Moreover, the mode of transportation was also very primitive.
Lack of Education:
Another big problem that India faced was a lack of education. The literacy rate was very low and most of the people were not educated. This led to a lot of problems in the development of the country.
In modern-day India too, there is a lack of literacy rate. People are uncivilized and have less tolerance, This is why often see an incident of violence in India based on religion. Muslims of India are living in poor conditions due to this behavior.
Lack of Healthcare:
Healthcare facilities were also very poor in India at the time of independence. There were very few hospitals and clinics and most of the people did not have access to proper medical care. Many endemic like cholera spread among economically disadvantaged people and they could not afford proper treatment. Hence, cause in numerous deaths
Poverty was another big problem that India faced at the time of independence. A large section of the population was living below the poverty line and they did not have access to the necessities of life. This problem still hasn’t ended in modern-day India.
Unemployment was another big problem in India at the time of independence. There were very few jobs and most of the people were unemployed. This led to a lot of social problems.
Many historians tell that at the time of independence there was severe Unemployment and people even didn’t have enough money or food to eat 3 times a day. This all was because of the Last British Rulers.
One of the biggest problems that India faced after independence was the population explosion. The population of the country was growing at a very fast pace and it put a lot of pressure on the resources of the country. Within just a few years, the population of India doubled and it became one of the most populous countries in the world. India is still facing problems due to its big population. But luckily, the situation has improved a lot in recent years because of the improved literacy rate
These were some of the major problems that India faced after independence. The country has made a lot of progress in the last 70 years and has overcome many of these challenges. However, there are still some areas where a lot of work needs to be done.